You must have been watching Avatar. A science fiction film by James Cameron. When Jake Sully a walk in the woods at night, there seemed so many plants and fungi that glow. Its light blue and green. But it does not only exist in the planet Pandora, glowing in the dark Mushroom is also here on this earth. But the shape and size is not as big on the Planet Pandora, shaped like mushrooms in general. During the day, we probably can not see the light, but at night it shines so beautiful mushrooms.
These fungi live in groups. When we see them at night, looks like seeing a village from the sky. In the world of biology, fungi that glow is often referred to as Bioluminescent fungi.
Why do they glow?
There has been no definitive explanation why they glow yet. However there are several reasons that might explain why they glow. One is, to make the predators of insect-eating fungus is interested in, and ate it. This of course would be very beneficial for the fungus, since this will greatly help to spread spores.
Are all mushrooms glow at night?
Are all mushrooms glow at night? of course not. There are more than 80.000 species of fungi, but only 71 species of fungi are able to glow in the dark. just a little. Most of Them are part of the genus Mycena. Fungi belonging to the genus Mycena are fungi that live on organic matter as their source for nutrients, such as tree trunks, fallen branches, leaf litter and moist soil
provide perfect breeding grounds for them. Their luminescent process are similar to That of other luminescent species, such as the firefly. This process involves a molecule called luciferin and luciferase enzyme. In several species, the process occures in fungi cap, and in other species, the process occures in fungi stem.
The last species of glow in the dark mushroom is found in Brazillian rainforest, it is Mycena luxaeterna, inspired by verses from Mozart’s “Requiem”–implies. This species has a kind of gel on its stem. This gel keeps the mushroom moist during the day. This mushroom has little cap, just about 8 mm. This discovery makes experts more fungus, mycologist, the more eager to try even harder to uncover the secret of the glow in the dark Mushroom.